Even Chess Players Must Conform to Prohibited Drug Regulations During Tournaments
Most professional sporting games require players to take drug tests to ensure that they’re not on steroids or amphetamines that can give them an unfair advantage over other players. Surprisingly, many professional chess organizations also demand the same conformity according to a strict list of policies.
The Effects of Performance-Enhancing Drugs on Chess Players
Even though it’s a surprise that chess players would take drugs to increase their performance, it could make sense if there are high stakes involved. Professional chess can involve some large cash prizes.
Back in 2008, professional chess master, Vassily Ivanchuk, lost a game. We’re not certain why the urine sample was requested after and not before the game, but he not only refused, but he had a temper tantrum. He kicked a pillar and pounded on a table, saying that it was unacceptable to ask for something so demeaning, especially after his big loss. His fans supported him. He claimed that even if chess players did do drugs, that the drugs would offer no benefits to a chess player.
We have no idea if he was really taking drugs, but it turns out he was wrong. In the journal, European Neuropsychopharmacology, they presented the results of a study on whether certain prescription drugs can improve a chess player’s ability to compete.
In the study, two drugs were tested: modafinil and methylphenidate, which are in certain name brands, including Alertec, Modavigil, and Provigil. The most well-known of these other brands is best known as Ritalin. In this study, the chess players were given one or the other of the drugs.
Interestingly, while these chess players ended up playing more slowly, they also had increased performance.
During the study, the 39 male chess players played 20 different games of chess against a computer program called Fritz. Before the game started, they were given a pill, which either contained one of the drugs listed, or nothing at all, also known as a placebo. The players were allowed to play the game for 15 minutes. Neurological testing was done and it was proven that the prescription stimulants did trigger a better decision-making process.
The researchers even gave some players less time to play the game, but they found that the effects of the drug didn’t work as well. The drug worked best when the players didn’t have any time pressures.
Which Drugs Increased Chess Player’s Performance?
During the study mentioned above, the players particularly benefited by taking modafinil, which improved their performance by 15 percent. The methylphenidate even provided benefits by improving performance at 13 percent.
It’s believed that by allowing players to slow down their minds and bodies is what gives them an edge on the playing board. Slowing down helped them to increase their performance.
These drugs are of the neuroenhancer type so they don’t enhance the quality of thinking, or a person’s decision making. But rather, they help to improve the player’s ability to spend more time on a decision, and make better calculations.
So, interestingly, while the drugs did increase the players’ abilities, it wasn’t in the way we thought it would happen.
Drug Effects On Classic Tournaments Vs. Speed Chess
The study did find that if chess players took performance-enhancing medication that it would only benefit them when they played classic tournaments and not speed chess tournaments.
It certainly couldn’t be denied that there was an improvement in players who took one of the drugs and not just a placebo.
The study certainly wasn’t meant to encourage the use of drugs for chess players participating in chess tournaments in the future. One of the doctors involved in the study, Dr. Klaus Lieb, said that these drugs can cause serious side effects if taken for long periods of time. He did say that the purpose of the study was to recommend stringent regulations for the control of doping substances during chess matches.
Anti-Doping Policies & Guidelines
WADA—World Anti-Doping Movement is just one sports organization that prohibits sporting players from using drugs. While testing is done during chess tournaments, it can also be an issue if a player has been using before the game and the drugs are still in their system.
Just some of the drugs on the list include Amphetamines such as Adderall or Ritalin. Ephedrine and Methylephedrine are permitted in smaller dosages, as long as they’re under 10 micrograms. Pseudoephedrine is not allowed in the urine in amounts larger than micrograms per milliliter. Even caffeine and codeine must be kept below certain dosages to prevent an unfair advantage in cognitive brain function that can win a game.
Drug testing has actually been done in some international chest tournaments since 2001. Even though Ivanchuk refused his testing after a match, apparently no one in the chess world has been convicted of using drugs yet.
FIDE is the main chess governing organization in the world. Since they are also part of the International Olympics Committee, this means that chess players still have to stick to the WADA rules, which include no doping.
For some reason people like to make fun of chess players who have been on drugs, even though longterm use of drugs can seriously impact the health of a person. But this study certainly proves that chess players do need to be tested for these performance-enhancing drugs regardless of the type of chess match that they’re participating in.
Are There Ways to Gain Fair Advantage in Chess Matches?
If you do participate in chess matches and want to find natural ways to gain a boost of energy, then there are legal ways to do it. During this same study, it was discovered that caffeine could improve performances by as much as nine percent. Even eating chocolate and drinking plenty of water should also provide extra energy for the brain to function. There are also energy drinks that are filled with caffeine.
You may not wish to consume tons of caffeine if your chess tournaments are over the course of a week though, due to losing sleep at night.
Closing Thoughts on Doing Drugs During Chess
If you’re participating in chess tournaments this year, it can be tempting to reach for a chemical substance to boost your game play. But you should always be aware that you could be tested for drugs during the game, and that you could forfeit any prize winnings if you do test positive for one or more of the performance-enhancing drugs listed above.
It’s best to stick to foods or drinks that contain caffeine, and avoid the prescription drugs which can negatively impact your health over time. This is especially recommended if you plan on playing chess throughout most of your life. You certainly don’t want to suffer the ill effects of longterm dosing just to perform better for a few tournaments. You want your body and brain to stay healthy and well so that you can always succeed at your chess competitions.
While there are few penalties at the moment for using drugs and participating in chess matches, you may want to take a step back and consider the longterm consequences of doing so.